HADID


HADID
HADID (Heb. חָדִיד), city in the northern Shephelah, in the western part of the territory of benjamin . It is mentioned together with lydda and ono among the cities to which the Babylonian exiles returned (Ezra 2:33; Neh. 7:37; 11:34). The city had strategic importance; it was fortified by the hasmonean simeon who camped nearby during Tryphon's invasion (I Macc. 12:38; 13:13 – Adida). The battle between the Nabatean King Aretas and alexander yannai took place near Hadid, and Vespasian later conquered it (Jos., Ant. 13:392; Wars 4:486). According to the Mishnah, it was already fortified in Joshua's time (Ar. 9:6). Eusebius describes it as being east of Lydda (Onom. 24:24 – Aditha) and it also appears on the madaba Map (no. 59). A mosaic pavement with figurative nilotic scenes was found there in 1940. The ancient town was situated on a hill northwest of the abandoned Arab village of   al-Ḥadītha, 3½ mi. (6 km.) east of Lydda. In 1951, 60 Yemenite immigrant families founded a settlement called Ḥadid near the village. They were joined later on by immigrants from Romania. In the mid-1990s, the population was approximately 480 and in 2002 it numbered 555. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Yeivin, in: Eretz Israel, 3 (1954), 35; Avi-Yonah, ibid., 2 (1953), 49; Alt, in: PJB, 24 (1928), 71–72; M. Noth, Das Buch Joshua (1938), 93ff.; Abel, in: RB, 35 (1926), 218; Beyer, in: zdpv, 56 (1933), 233. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Y. Tsafrir, L. Di Segni, and J. Green, Tabula Imperii Romani. IudaeaPalaestina. Maps and Gazetteer. (1994), 138. WEBSITE: www.calcalit.co.il/moatzot.asp . (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hadid — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Ahmed Hadid (* 1984), omanischer Fußballspieler Barjas al Hadid (* 1936), jordanischer Scheik und Politiker Mohammed Hadid (1907–1999), irakischer Politiker Mustafa Hadid (* 1988), afghanischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hadid — Hadid,   Zaha M., irakische Architektin und Designerin, * Bagdad 31. 10. 1950; zählt zu den führenden Vertreterinnen des Dekonstruktivismus; studierte bis 1971 Mathematik in Beirut, dann bis 1977 Architektur an der Architectural Association in… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • HADID — civitas. Neh. c. 11. v. 34. Lat. acutus, sive gaudens, aut Sytiace novitas, vel ex Syro et Hebraeo, una manus …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Hadid — Infobox Kibbutz kibbutz name = Hadid foundation = 1950 founded by = Yemenite immigrants region = Central Israel council = Hevel Modi in industry = affiliation = Hapoel HaMizrachi website = Hadid ( he. חדיד) is a moshav in central Israel. Located… …   Wikipedia

  • Hadid —    Pointed, a place in the tribe of Benjamin near Lydda, or Lod, and Ono (Ezra 2:33; Neh. 7:37). It is identified with the modern el Haditheh, 3 miles east of Lydda …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • HADÎD — Dağ eteği. * İçinde yağmur suyu biriken alçak çukur. * Arz, yer, dünya …   Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük

  • HADİD — Demir, çelik. Sert, kavi olan. * Çabuk kavrayışlı, keskin, öfkeli, hiddetli, titiz. * Hudut ve sınır komşusu …   Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük

  • Hadid (disambiguation) — Hadid or Al Hadid may refer to:*Hadid, a moshav in central Israel *Al Hadid, the 57th sura of the Qur an *Bab al Hadid, a shrine located in SyriaIt is also an Arab surname. Notable people by that name include: *Ahmed Hadid, an Omani football… …   Wikipedia

  • Hadid, Zaha — ▪ 2004       In Cincinnati, Ohio, the Lois and Richard Rosenthal Center for Contemporary Art opened in June 2003 to rave reviews not surprisingly, in light of the fact that its architect, Iraqi born, London based Zaha Hadid, had been regarded as… …   Universalium

  • HADID, Zaha — (1950 )    One of the few female architects to receive international acclaim, Zaha Hadid is the only woman to receive the prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize (in 2004). Her architectural style is often consistent with the international… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture


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